Key Details

Technology: Blue Nite® biological denitrification


1. Nitrate removal to <1 mg/L

2. Unique patented control system

3. Lowest capital and O&M

4. Eliminates upsets, gas bumps, and
    high rate backwash cycling

5. Approved for water reuse under
    California Title 22/Class 1A


1. Municipal wastewater treatment
2. Industrial nitrate mitigation
3. Existing treatment facilities
    needing end-of-pipe
4. Blue PRO® installations for total
    nutrient removal

Case Studies

1. Bellefonte PA
2. Aztec NM
3. Military Base, Maryland


NEI is the exclusive provider of BLUE NITE®  biological denitrification, a simple, powerful technology for consistently lowering nitrates to <1 mg/L NOx-N. Blue Nite uses NEI's Centra-flo® granular media filtration as an attached-growth platform in which heterotrophic bacteria can thrive and fully denitrify influent nitrates.

Why do you need a Blue Nite system? Because nitrate and total nitrogen limits are proliferating in updated discharge permits across the continent, and the Blue Nite system provides a modular, end-of-pipe solution that means you never need to worry about whether you can meet your nitrate levels again.

Implementing Blue Nite biological denitrification has been shown to:

- Reduce nitrates to <1 mg/L

- Accommodate high or fluctuating influent nitrate

- Work with alternative carbon sources, such as
   glycerin and acetate

- Work simultaneously in the same vessel with Blue
   PRO® reactive filtration for phosphorus removal
   to provide total nutrient removal.



Blue Nite® systems utilize our Centra-flo® continuous backwash, upflow sand filters. A carbon source is dosed to the wastewater influent prior to entering the sand filters. In the Blue Nite system, fixed-film heterotrophic bacteria convert nitrates (NO3- and NO2-) to atmospheric nitrogen (N2). The composition of the bacterial population depends largely on the specific type of carbon utilized. Bacteria and solids wasting are facilitated by the continuous backwash of the Centra-flo filter. The media washbox removes solids and excess biomass, which are directed to a reject line. The clean sand then falls by gravity back to the media bed.

Design hydraulic loading rates to Blue Nite filters are dependent on heterotrophic respiration rates, influent nitrate levels, nitrate variability, dissolved oxygen (DO) levels, and expected range in water temperature. Loading rates can also be dictated by the NPDES permit or local regulatory agencies. Nexom's design parameters coupled with its proprietary control system optimizes system parameters to maintain a healthy, stable biomass for denitrification.

The nitrogen gas produced during operation is primarily released from the process as the media passes through the airlift. Removal of gas in this fashion has several benefits that include: eliminating false readings in headloss, eliminating the need to backwash because of gas entrainment, and eliminating the gas bump or upset gas "burps" due to significant nitrogen bubble accumulation typical in static bed filters.

The Blue Nite system is available in several models and configurations. The modular nature of the filters allows ease of system engineering and expansion. The filters are available as freestanding fiberglass or stainless steel tank units or can be configured in multi-module concrete cells. Control systems and smaller filters may be mounted on skid systems for mobility or ease of commissioning.

Since the same dosing and continuous-backwash mechanics enable Blue PRO® reactive filtration and Blue Nite’s attached growth biological denitrification, the two processes can take place simultaneously in the same tanks for total nutrient removal, with only the Blue Nite’s carbon-dosing system as additional required infrastructure while considering the biological kinetics.

Learn more about the Blue PRO process, or contact us to find out how this capability could impact your plant.



The Blue Nite process is the best way to consistently meet effluent nitrate or total nitrogen levels. Blue Nite installations consistently beat their permitted levels as low as <1 mg/L of nitrates in an end-of-pipe solution that is seamlessly compatible with Blue PRO® reactive filtration for phosphorus removal.


  • WHAT CARBON SOURCE DOES BLUE NITE USE? - Blue Nite is flexible and can use many of the most common carbon sources, including methanol, acetic acid, ethanol, glycerin, as well as proprietary products like MicroC®.
  • WHAT CARBON DOSING RATIO DOES BLUE NITE USE? - Optimal carbon dosing depends strongly on water characteristics such as DO as well as the BOD strength of the carbon source. Our chemical engineers can help you determine the ideal ratio at your site to achieve the required denitrification level.
  • CAN OUR BLUE NITE INSTALLATION BE RETROFITTED AT A LATER TIME FOR BLUE PRO REACTIVE FILTRATION IF WE DON’T NEED PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL YET? - Definitely, and we have helped other customers do this before. In fact, the amount of “retrofitting” required is minimal. Because the two systems utilize the same Centra-flo® granular media filtration system as a process platform, the additional infrastructure required is the Blue PRO’s dosing system and virtually nothing else. (The same goes for Blue PRO installations being retrofitted for Blue Nite biological denitrification.)
  • CAN THE SYSTEM BE INSTALLED INTO PRE-EXISTING TANKS? - In some cases, the Blue Nite technology can be retrofitted to existing tanks. Contact our project development team to learn how your specific tanks could be integrated with the Blue Nite process.
  • DOES THE MEDIA NEED TO BE REPLACED OR TOPPED UP? - Many older sand filter design of 20 years ago were prone to occasional media loss. Our washbox design coupled with our unique control and monitoring systems mitigates this concern. A Blue Nite system will waste almost no media in its lifetime, meaning that in a 20-year period, topping up is unlikely to be required, and the media should never need to be replaced.



Riyadh - Malaz - Amin Abdullah Noem Road, Al Tahseen Bldg, Opp. Stadium
3rd Floor, Office No. 8 P.O. Box No.: 27529 Riyadh 11427


Phone: 00966 - 11 - 477 - 7944
Fax: 00966 - 11 - 477 - 4788